This is the core message that Immunisation of every child is vital to prevent diseases and protect life
Highly infectious diseases, some potentially fatal are in circulation
Unvaccinated children are at risk of the disease
Vaccines are safe and are continually monitored
SMALL POX - an acute contagious disease caused by variola virus
- Was one of the world’s most devastating diseases known to humanity
- In 1791 a basic protection technique was carried out, using the content of a live small pox blister and scratching the skin of a susceptible person. This produced impressive results. This process caused controversy, but stanch supporters continued to advocate its benefits having their children inoculated.
- It would take a further 200years before a modern vaccine would be produced
- The last known case was in Somalia in 1977.
- The WHO declared the disease eradicated in 1980
MEASLES – is a highly contagious infection caused by the measles virus. It can cause serious complications, pneumonia, deafness, encephalitis with fatality in high risk patients as high as 30%.
- Vaccine containing measles was first produced in 1968.
- Vaccine coverage was low and large serious outbreaks continued to occur resulting in about 20 deaths annually.
- In 1988 an MR vaccine programme was introduced
- The current programme of 2 doses was started 1996
- Measles coverage varies, there are still severe outbreaks in areas of unvaccinated or only partially vaccinated population.
- The goal is that at least 95% coverage needs to be achieved.
- The Americas have shown this can be done, by achieving WHO elimination status in 2016
Vaccination protects health at every stage of life